A Brief History Of The Uyghur Ethnic Group.
When checking the latest information, it is said that the number of ethnic groups in the world today stands at around one hundred thousand. The classification of these groups is based on the history, cultural heritage, and the homeland.
Just like with any other groups, there are the majority ethnic groups as well as the minority ethnic groups. According to the data released by the UN, there are still other minority ethnic groups that are unknown and undocumented.
Uyghurs are among the minority ethnic groups of this time. They currently occupy the East and Central Asia, but they are known to come from Turkey. Their residence is in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China. They are classified as among the 55 minority groups in China.
The majority of these people can be found in China even though they can also be traced in other parts that are near Turkey. By 2010, it was estimated that Kazakhstan had over 200,000 Uyghur people. Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan are next with over 100,000 combined. Even though these people come from Turkey, their number in this country stands at only 45,000.
The other numbers that are found around the world is small. There was a time when these people were mainly called the Turks because of their language.
According to the late 19th Century encyclopedia, the Uyghurs were considered to be the most ancient of the Turkish tribes. Their history dates back to the 2nd Century. There was a time when their Uyghur name was lost but was later rediscovered. The name is applied to identified a collective group rather than a single group.
This group is known to be among the minority ethnic group and also as the oldest group to exist. They have managed to keep their practice alive and they somehow resemble their ancestors’.
They mainly carry out farming and baking as their primary practices in the region they occupy. However, there are those who are known for their pastoralist activities.
They speak both Uyghur and Chines language. They widely practice Islam and are the followers of the Sunni Sect. They also have a close relationship with other ethnic groups such as the Tocharians, the Karluks, and the Turkic people.
After the fall of the Uyghur Kingdoms, the people of Uyghur dispersed around the world. The split ended up with the formation of the Ganzhou Kingdom near the present-day Zhangye in China. There is a belief that the Uygur of today come from this kingdom.
The Uyghur people have enjoyed years of freedom, progress, and have had a chance of practicing their beliefs without the interference of other people or groups.